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    Weekly Bits 28-7-14
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    1) Yellapragada Sudharshan Rao has been appointed as Chairman of which among the following? . Ans : (1)
    1. Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR). 2. National Geophysical research Institute (NGRI) 3. Centre for cellular and molecular biology (CCMB) 4. National Survey of India (NSI) 5. Norway

    He succeeds Basudev Chatterjee for a 3-year term.
    What is ICHR?
    Indian Council of Historical Research is an autonomous organization which was established under Societies Registration Act (Act XXI of 1860) in 1972. The objectives of the Indian Council of Historical Research (hereafter referred to as the 'Council') as laid down in the Memorandum of Association are as follows:
    - "to bring historians together and provide a forum for exchange of views between them;
    - to give a national direction to an objective and scientific writing of history and to have rational presentation and interpretation of history;
    - to promote, accelerate and coordinate research in history with special emphasis on areas which have not received adequate attention so far;
    - to promote and coordinated a balanced distribution of research effort over different areas;
    - to elicit support and recognition for historical research from all concerned and ensure the necessary dissemination and use of results."

    2) David Rasquinha and Debasish Mallick has been appointed as Deputy Managing Directors of which bank ? Ans: (2)
    1. Axis Bank 2. Exim Bank 3. HDFC 4. Canara Bank 5. Central bank of India

    Explanation: Export-Import Bank of India is the premier export finance institution in India, established in 1982 under the Export-Import Bank of India Act 1981. Since its inception, Exim Bank of India has been both a catalyst and a key player in the promotion of cross border trade and investment.

    3) Centre proposes to set up three new low-cost airports at Muzaffarpur, Raxaul andGaya. These three places belong to which state in India? Ans:(2)

    1. Uttar Pradesh 2. Delhi 3. Bihar 4. Gujarath 5. West Bengal

    Explanation: While Gaya is an operational custom airport, Raxaul will be a non-operational airport.

    4) The health worker density in rural areas is how much per 10,000 populations while in urban areas, the density is 40.46 per 10,000 populations; as per the NSSO 2004-05 report? Ans: (2)

    1. 10.74 2. 11.74 3. 12.74 4. 13.74 5. 14.74

    There are 1, 60,862 hospital beds in rural areas out of the total 7, 84,940 hospital beds available in the Country: National Health Profile 2011 .

    5) There are only how much police personnel per one lakh population in India. ? Ans:(1)

    1. 136.42 2. 139.42 3. 100.42 4. 234.42 5. 236.42

    Explanation:Whereas the sanctioned police-population ratio is slightly better at 181.47 as per the Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) as on 1.1.2013.
    Several countries such as Canada (191.4), Italy (549.9), Japan (199.8), New Zealand (187.0), Spain (313.0), USA (223.6), have higher police-population ratio than India.

    6) Olympic silver-medalist Shooter Vijay Kumar to lead the Indian contingent as flagbearer in the opening ceremony of 20th Commonwealth Games to be held at Glasgow of which country? Ans:(2)

    1. Switzerland 2. Scotland 3. Sweden 4. Sudan 5. Srilanka

    Explanation: India is fielding their second largest ever contingent of 215 athletes in this largest ever commonwealth games to take place from July 23 to August 3, 2014.
    The games will see over 4,000 athletes competing in 17 sports for 261 medal events and have 71 participating nations.

    7) Central government decides to observe the which week of 2015-16 as water conservation weekand the fiscal as water conservation year? Ans:(3)

    1. Second 2. Third 3. First 4. Fourth 5. Any day

    Explanation: The announcement was aired by Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti in the Lok Sabha.

    8) Teacher-Student ratio in Government schools stands at 1:29 at primary level and how much at upper primary level as per Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) 2013-14 report.? Ans:(1)

    1. 1:32 2. 1:40 3. 1:42 4. 1:52 5. 1:55

    Explanation: Number of universities in the country at present is 676 with 184 of them being private: UGC
    Out of total 37204 colleges nationwide 17803 are registered as private colleges.
    Only 274 Universities and 7070 Colleges so far have got themselves accredited by the NAAC (National Assessment and Accreditation Council).

    9) Midfielder Steven Gerrard quits international football. He belongs to which country? Ans:(2)

    1. USA 2. England 3. Sweden 4. Argentina 5. Brazil

    Explanation: He made his international debut in 2000 and played 114 matches for the national side scoring 21 goals.
    His is the second high-profile retirement after the German captain Philipp Lahm's since the end of 2014 World Cup.

    10) Famous Indian actress Suchitra Sen’s ancestral home is in which country which is going to be converted into a museum. ? Ans:(3)
    1. Pakistan 2. Nepal 3. Bangladesh 4. Myanmar 5. Srilanka

    Explanation: Supreme Court of Bangladesh passed this judgement after freeing the property from the occupation OF Imam Ghazali Institute.
    Imam Ghazali Institute, operated by fundamentalist organization Jamaat-e-Islami, had occupied the house for decades.

    11) Government grants the status of Maharatna, Navratna and Miniratna to which sectors? Ans:(1)
    1. Central Public Sector Enterprises 2. Export and Import Commodities 3. Actors and Actresses of India 4. Indian Army 5. Indian Navy

    Explanation: Currently, there are 7 Maharatna, 16 Navratna and 71 Miniratna CPSEs.
    Maharatna CPSEs

    • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited
    • Coal India Limited
    • GAIL (India) Limited
    • Indian Oil Corporation Limited
    • NTPC Limited
    • Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited
    • Steel Authority of India Limited
    Navratna CPSEs
    • Bharat Electronics Limited
    • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited
    • Engineers India Limited
    • Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
    • Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited
    • Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
    • National Aluminium Company Limited
    • National Buildings Construction Corporation Limited
    • NMDC Limited
    • Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited
    • Oil India Limited
    • Power Finance Corporation Limited
    • Power Grid Corporation of India Limited
    • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited
    • Rural Electrification Corporation Limited
    • Shipping Corporation of India Limited
    Apart from these, there also are 53 and 18 PSUs in Miniratna I & II category respectively

    12) India slips to which place in Global Innovation Index 2014. ? Ans:(3)
    1. 70th 2. 75th 3. 76th 4. 77th 5. 78 th

    Explanation: India continues its dismal run in the Global Innovation Index for the 3rd consecutive year; falling 10 places to 76th spot this year as compared to the 2013 ranking of 66.

    • Switzerland holds the numero-uno fort for the 4th straight year followed by the Britain (2), Sweden (3) and Finland (4) in the global ranking.
    • The report ranks 143 economies around the globe across 81 indicators–to evaluate both their innovation capabilities and measurable results.
    • Theme for 2014 : “The Human Factor in Innovation”
    • It is into its eighth edition beginning 2007.
    • The ranking offers insight into the state of innovation of a given place creating benchmark for policy makers, business executives and others to use.
    Top 5
    • Switzerland
    • United Kingdom
    • Sweden
    • Finland
    • Netherlands
    Bottom 5
    • Sudan: 143
    • Togo: 142
    • Yemen: 141
    • Myanmar: 140
    • Guinea: 139
    • Brazil: 61st (+3 place)
    • South Africa: 53 (+ 5 place)
    • Russia: 49th (+13 place)
    • China: 29th (+6 place)
    • India: 76th (-10 place)
    Our Neighbours
    • Bhutan: 86th
    • Sri Lanka: 105th
    • Bangladesh: 129th
    • Pakistan: 134th
    • Nepal: 136th

    13) TV Gopalakrishnan has been honoured with which award 2014? Ans:(2)
    1. Bharath Ratna 2. Sangeetha Kalanidhi 3. Padma Bhushan 4. Natya Kala Prapurna 5. Padma Vibhushan

    Explanation: The annual award is considered the highest title for a Carnatic musician. He, an acclaimed musician and mridangam exponent, has also bagged Sangeet Natak Akademi and Padma Bhushan awards.

    14) Rory McIlroy clinches 2014 which Open Golf Championship. ? Ans:(1)
    1. British 2. USA 3. UAE 4. Canada 5. Australia

    Explanation: Its the 3rd major title for the Northern Irish golfer after winning the 2011 US Open and PGA Championship in 2012. Name of the trophy: Claret Jug

    15) Ministry of Shipping clears life time licences for which country Ships and any other ship charted by an Indian citizen or an Indian company.? Ans:(2)
    1. USA 2. Indian 3. Australian 4. England 5. British

    Explanation: :-

    • It allows any self-employed child above 10 to work provided that they don't miss out on schooling.
    • For Children above 12 working for others (contracted job) is now permitted if it has parental authorisation.
    • The legislation seeks to balance out the law by setting harsher punishment for violence against children.
    • Some stark facts about Bolivia
      • More than 500,000 children already work to economically sustain the family in the landlocked nation as per an old Unicef report.
      • It's estimated that the number must have crossed 1 million by now, accounting for 15 percent of the workforce, in Bolivia.
      • These are figures of those who works regulary and thus lose access to education.
      • Another report says that one in every three Bolivian kid don't attend school.
      • Neighbouring Chile has illegalized child labour under 16 years of age - a stark contrast.
      • What says the International Law?
          As per International Labour Organisation its illegal to employ children under the age of 15. However, the rules have been relaxed for poor and developing countries to a minimum working age of 14. (including India)
          Maybe these measures have helped in bringing the global child labor figure down by one-third since 2000.

    16) Nation's 3rd largest software services company, buys Atco I-Tek for $195 million. What is the name of that company? Ans:(1)
    Wipro 2. TCS 3. Infosys 4. Infotech 5. Tek Mahindra

    Explanation: Atco I-Tek is the IT wing of the $16-billion Canadian enterprise ATCO Group that mainly deals in logistics and utilities.

    17) Which country votes to launch an independent inquiry into Israel's offensive in Gaza in the UN Human Rights Council? ( Ans:(1)
    1. India 2. Australia 3. USA 4. UAE 5. England

    Explanation: the resolution was passed with; 29 votes in favour as compared to 1 against (US) while 17 countries, mainly EU, abstained.

18) ……………. Common wealth games begins at Glasglow? Ans:(2)
1. 19th 2. 20th 3. 21st 4. 22nd 5. 23rd

Explanation: Its the 3rd time that Scotland is hosting this event; the previous two being in Edinburgh (1970 & 1986).

  • New Zealand's largest city, Auckland, is the only other city to host two Commonwealth Games (1950 & 1990).
  • Official Mascot: Clyde
  • Its a thistle, designed by Beth Gilmour, named after the river that flows through Glasgow.
  • There are 22 gold medals - highest ever - up for grabs in para-sport across five categories.
  • Next Host: 2018 Games will be held in Australian city of Gold Coast (Queensland).
  • Last time Host : 2010 Games were held at New Delhi of India.

19) Which company becomes the 1st Indian company in the world to touch market capitalisation of Rs. 5 lakh crore.? Ans:(1)
1. TCS 2. Wipro 3. Cornigent 4. Infosys 5. Infotech

Explanation: The market capitalisation of nation's biggest IT service provider is more than the combined market cap of the next four largest Indian IT companies namely Wipro (1.39 lakh crore), HCL Tech (Rs 1.07 lakh crore) and Tech Mahindra (Rs 45,000) crore.

20) Arijit Basu has been appointed as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of which insurance company? Ans:(4)
1. Ing Vysya 2. Bajaj Alliance 3. LIC 4. SBI Life Insurance 5. None

Explanation: He, currently the Deputy Managing Director of SBI, will succeed Atanu Sen.

21) There are how many ticketed monuments, archaeological sites and remains under theArchaeological Survey of India.? Ans:(2)
1. 110 2. 116 3. 115 4. 117 5. 118

Explanation: About Archeological Survey of India The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. Besides it regulate all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958. It also regulates Antiquities and Art Treasure Act, 1972

22) Fouad Massoum, a veteran Kurdish leader, elected as the President of which country? Ans:(2)
1. Israel 2. Iraq 3. Iran 4. Italy 5. Indonesia

Explanation: Points to Know

  • The war-torn country, with this, took another stride towards forming a unified government to take on the rampaging ISIS that controls Sunni-dominated territory of the country.
  • Under an informal power-sharing agreement, the role of president goes to a Kurd, speaker of parliament to a Sunni, and the position of prime minister to a Shiite.
About the Man
  • He succeeds his close aide Jalal Talabani as such.
  • Both have been the founding members of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.
  • He had served as the first prime minister of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region in 1992.
  • Much like India, President's post is largely ceremonial in Iraq and the executive power lies with PM.
  • Its to be seen that under the new unified regime who gets to replace Maliki as such.

23) Which country’s first interplanetary spacecraft 'Mars Orbiter Mission' completes 80 percent of its journey successfully? Ans:(2)
1. USA 2. India 3. Canada 4. Spain 5. Australia

Explanation: It has successfully covered about 531 million km out of total distance of 680 million km.

It was launched on November 05, 2013 aboard PSLV-C25 from Sriharikota. Previous Attempts
More than half of all 40 Mars missions launched globally, beginning in 1960, have failed.

No nation has ever succeeded in its maiden Mars mission apart from European Space Agency's Mars Express representing 20 countries.

  • Asian Mars missions

  • Japan (1998) and China (2011) are the other two Asian countries engaged in the similar effort but they so far have not achieved any success.

    If successful, ISRO will become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and European Space Agency.
    About MARS

    Mars is named after the Roman god of war

    One Martian year equals 687 Earth days

    Maximum distance of Mars from Earth is 378 million km

    Lowest temperature: -100C

    Highest temperature: 0C

    Mars has two moons: Phobos and Deimos

    24) India finished first day with how many medals in Commonwealth Games 2014? Ans:(2)
    1. 6 2. 7 3. 8 4. 3 5. 4

    Explanation: Weightlifters Khumukcham Sanjita Chanu and Sukhen Dey gave the country its first two gold medals.

    25) Malabar 2014, joint naval exercise among the Indian, Japanese and US navies begins in the Western Pacific Ocean near which country? Ans:(2)
    1. China 2. Japan 3. USA 4. UAE 5. Canada

    Explanation: The annual exercise, to take place from July 24-30 this year, enhances mutual maritime security relationships.