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    Weekly Bits 08-12-14
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    1) Who is the first non-UPSC member in history to be appointed as UPSC chairman?. Ans : (3)
    1. Rohan Guptha 2. Dinesh Karthik 3. Deepak Guptha 4. Rajesh Kulkarni 5. Ratan Khode

    :- Deepak Gupta. He is a retired IAS officer of Jharkhand Cadre.
    About UPSC Chairman, Members powers and functions:-
    The Article 315 to 323 of the Constitution deals with the appointment of UPSC members, powers and functions of the UPSC.
    The Chairman and other members of UPSC shall be appointed by President of India.
    Generally, UPSC consist of 9 to 11 members.

    • Qualifications - In Article 316, it is mentioned that at least one half of the members of UPSC shall be the persons who have held office for at least 10 yrs either under Govt of India or Govt of a State. But not specified any qualifications for other half members of UPSC.
    • A member of UPSC shall hold office for a term of 6yrs from date on which he enters into the office or until he attains age of 65 yrs whichever is earlier. Provided that a member can resign any time to President and can be removed from his office.
    • Article 319 - The Chairman of UPSC is not eligible for further employment either under Govt of India or a State. The other members of UPSC are only eligible for office of Chairman of UPSC or Chairman of a State PSC but not for any other employment

    2) Name the person , Who has been selected to be the next Chairman of the Press Council of India in Nov'14?Ans: (1)
    1. Chandramauli Kumar Prasad 2. Chandra Kumar Prasad 3. mauli Kumar Prasad 4. Kumar Prasad 5. Prasad Rao

    Explanation: Chandra Mauli Kumar Prasad is the former Supreme Court Judge. He will succeed Markanday Katju.
    About Press Council of India

    • The Press Council of India was first set up on 4 July 1966 by the Parliament to regulate the press in India. The basis at that time was the Press Council Act, 1965 which resulted from the recommendations of the First Press Commission of India (1952-1954). The stated objectives were "to help newspapers maintain their independence" and to "raise the standards" through a code of conduct.
    • The Press Council is headed by a Chairman: usually,. a retired judge of the Supreme Court of India (except for the first chairman, Justice J. R. Mudholkar, who was a sitting judge of Supreme Court of India in 1968). The Council consists of 28 other members of whom 20 represent the press and are nominated by the press organisations/news agencies recognised and notified by the Council as all India bodies of categories such as editors, working journalists and owners and managers of newspaper; 5 members are nominated from the two houses of Parliament and 3 represent cultural, literary and legal fields as nominees of the Sahitya Academy, University Grants Commission (U.G.C.) and the Bar Council of India. The members serve on the Council for a term of three years

    3).Which country won the Asia Cup Championship for Deaf 2014 on 24th Nov'14? Ans:(3)

    1. Indonesia 2. Nepal 3. India 4. Srilanka 5. Australia

    Explanation: India, defeating Sri Lanka.

    4) How many global organisations signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on 24th Nov'14 to end open defecation in India?Ans: (1)

    1. 3 2. 4 3. 5 4. 6 5. 2

    World Toilet Organisation (WTO), WASTE and the Financial Inclusion Improves Sanitation and Health (FINISH). Three organisations have signed a MoU to support the Central government in making the country free of open defecation and promoting sustained usage of sanitation systems.

    5) On which day, The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women was observed across the world ? Ans:(4)

    1. 21 Nov ' 14 2. 22 Nov ' 14 3. 23 nov' 14 4. 25 Nov ' 14 1. 24 Nov ' 14

    Explanation:25th Nov'2014. It was observed to raise awareness about violence against women and discuss solutions that would work for women community.

    6) Among the following , On whose birth anniversary International Meatless Day and Animal Rights Day was observed on 25th Nov'14? Ans:(1)

    1. Rev Sadhu Vaswani 2. Ramakrishna Paramhansa 3. Swami Vivekananda 4. Sadhu Vallabhacharya 2. Sri Dattacharya

    Explanation:Rev Sadhu Vaswani. It was the 135th birth anniversary of Rev Sadhu Vaswani observed in India.
    International Meatless day and Animals rights day:-
    The Meatless Day and Animals Rights Day Campaign is an international ecological movement, commemorated on November 25th. It was created in India by Dadaji J. P. Vaswani in honor of Sadhu T. L. Vaswani. Its main objective is the preservation of all forms of life and the struggle against the killing of animals

    7) Name the person Who has won the 2014 Shakti Bhatt First Book Prize for his novel 'The Scatter Here Is Too Great' (Random House India)?Ans:(1)

    1. Bilal Tanweer 2. Jaswanth Bilal 3. Tanwer Kaushal 4. Biklal Tanek ' Suanz 5. None

    Explanation: Bilal Tanweer. He was born and raised in Karachi, has published fiction, poetry and translation in various international journals.

    8) Name the person Who has been appointed as the new Special Representative of India for Boundary Negotiations with China on 24th Nov'14? Ans:(1)

    1. Ajit Doval 2. Sushma Swaraj 3. Atul Shrivastav 4. Anish Khurana 3. None

    Explanation: Ajit Doval. He is an National Security Advisor of India.

    9) Among the following which state polling was recorded as 70% in the first phase held on 25th nov' 14? Ans:(3)
    1. Telengana 2. Andhra Pradesh 3. J & K 4. Goa 5. Kerala

    Explanation: 70%. It is a record in the history of J&K.

    10) Among the following PM Narendra Modi has requested on 25th Nov'14 to collectively make the constitution and adopt it at the earliest, To which country's political parties?Ans:(2)
    1. Bangladesh 2. Nepal 3. Srilanka 4. Japan 5. China

    Explanation: Nepal. It will give a new face of the democratic Nepal to the whole world.

    11) Name the person Who will be the new Secretary General of the Lok Sabha with effect from 1st Dec'14?Ans:(2)
    1. Atul Bajpayee 2. Anoop Mishra 3. Anith Kaur 4. Amith Kapoor 5. Sushil Shinde

    Explanation: Anoop Mishra, Senior IAS Officer. He is a 1978-batch IAS officer and held several positions in the Centre as well as in the Uttar Pradesh government.

    12) Identify Which state government has reduced the retirement age of government employees from 60 to 58 years on 25th Nov'14? Ans:(3)
    1. Punjab 2. UP 3. Haryana 4. Himachal Pradesh 5. Goa

    Explanation: The BJP-led state government reversed the retirement age of govt. employees from 60 to 58 years.

    13) Recently National Milk Day was observed on _____.? Ans:(1)
    1. 26 Nov ' 14 2. 27 Nov' 14 3. 28 Nov ' 14 4. 30 Nov' 14 5. 1 Nov '14

    Explanation: Indian Dairy Sector has celebrated National Milk Day to mark the 93rd birth anniversary of Father of White Revolution, Dr. Verghese Kurien.

    14) Which bank became first in India to fully own an insurance business? Ans:(2)
    1. Axis Bank 2. Kotak Mahindra Bank 3. Canara Bank 4. SBH 5. SBI

    Explanation: Kotak Mahindra Bank. It happened after Reserve Bank of India (RBI) gave permission to set up a wholly-owned non-life insurance company called Kotak General Insurance. It will be the 29th non-life company in the country.

    15) Hokianga Harbour is in which country at which recently , Century old Shipwreck with 499 Chinese bodies found? Ans:(1)
    1. New Zealand 2. China 3. Japan 4. Indonesia 5. Australia

    Explanation: Hokianga Harbour. These miners, some in wooden coffins and others in sealed zinc caskets, had died during New Zealand's gold rush.

    16) What is the Name of the Boxer who has received the Arjuna Award on 26th Nov’14?Ans:(2)
    1. Manoj bajpayee 2. Manoj Kumar 3. Avinash Kurni 4. Atul Malhotra 5. None

    Explanation: :- Manoj Kumar. The 2010 Commonwealth Games gold-medalist was given the award by Union Sports Minister Sarbananda Sonowal at a function in New Delhi.

    17) Michael Phelps is the Male Athlete of the Year at the 2014 USA Swimming Golden Goggle Awards presented on .........? Ans:(1)
    1. 24 Nov ' 14 2. 25 Nov ' 14 3. 26 Nov ' 14 4. 27 Nov ' 14 5. 23 Nov ' 14

    Explanation: Michael Phelps. He was awarded with the title despite being suspended from competition for six months after a drunken driving arrest in September 2014.

    18) Who is the Indian Ornithologist, whose name is given to the new species of bird Muscicapa flycatcher was named on 25th Nov'14?Ans:(2)
    1. Naveen Kaur 2. Navjot Sodhi 3. Navneeth Suthi 4. Naresh Mishra 5. None

    Explanation: ANSWER: Navjot Sodhi. The bird found in Sulawesi Island of Indonesia was named as Muscicapa Sodhii.

    19) Phillip Hughes is which country Cricketer went in a critical condition of induced coma after a bouncer ball of Sean Abbott hit back of his head during a Sheffield Game at Sydney Cricket Ground in Australia on 25th Nov'14? Ans:(1)
    1. Australia 2. Canada 3. New Zealand 4. Bangladesh 5. Srilanka

    Explanation: Phillip Hughes. The ball struck just below his helmet when he attempted a pull shot in a Sheffield Shield match at the SCG. After New South Wales' paceman Sean Abbott ball struck Hughes, he collapsed and hit the ground.

    20) Who is the Indian icon appointed Goodwill Ambassador for South Asia by United Nations Women on 25th Nov'14? Ans:(3)
    1. Saina Nehwal 2. Heena Sindhu 3. Sania Mirza 4. Koneru Hampi 5. None

    Explanation: Sania Mirza, is the Indian Tennis player.
    Other Goodwill ambassadors:-
    UN Women's other Goodwill Ambassadors include British actor Emma Watson, Academy Award winner Nicole Kidman, HRH Princess Bajrakitiyabha Mahidol of Thailand, and Indian actor-filmmaker-singer Farhan Akhtar

    21) Who is the Indian NGO who won United Nations Lighthouse Activities award for the year 2014 on 25th Nov'14?Ans:(1)
    1. Aaranyak 2. Aadesh Mishra 3. Ayush 4. Aryan Guthel 5. None

    Explanation: Aaranyak, Assam based NGO. NGO is working for the conservation of nature and a Kathmandu-based International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD).
    About Lighthouse Activities:-
    "The 'Lighthouse Activities' selected by the United Nations Climate Change Secretariat under its 'Momentum for Change' Initiative from all over the world are inspiring and transformational mitigation and adaptation activities.
    The Lighthouse Activities are some of the most practical, scalable and replicable examples of what people, businesses, governments and industries are doing to tackle climate change

    22) Name the Television Channel, with which The Independent Documentary Producers’ Association (IDPA) has signed a five year contract on 27th Nov'14 to showcase documentaries from across India? Ans:(2)
    1. Zee Tv 2. Doordarshan 3. Vanitha Tv 4. Gemini Tv 5. Star Plus

    Explanation: :- Doordarshan. Under the MoU, the documentary makers will be paid substantially, which will help them to recover their costs to an extent.

    23) Which Indian telecom company has launched mobile security value added service that will allow its customers to track location of their lost mobile phones?Ans:(2)
    1. Airtel 2. BSNL 3. Vodafone 4. Docomo 5. Idea

    Explanation: Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL). BSNL is offering the solution M-secure, in association with Beyond Evolution. Through M-secure solution user can remotely manage data contained in his or her lost mobile handset.

    24) Which demand of India concerning food security is approved by World Trade Organization (WTO)?Ans:(3)
    1. Food Facilitation Agreement (FFA) 2. Food Safety Agreement (FSA) 3. Trade Facilitation agreement (TFA) 4. Import & Export Facilitation Agreement (IEFA) 5. None

    Explanation: Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA). The WTO has approved a trade facilitation agreement (TFA) while agreeing to India's demand for continuing the peace clause till a permanent solution is found to the food stockpiling issue, crucial for continuing food security scheme. Under the peace clause, a WTO member gets immunity against penalty for breaching the food subsidy cap. As per the WTO norms, a developing nation can provide food subsidy of upto 10 percent of the total farm output.

    25) Identify how many countries that will be eligible for the tourist visa on arrival facility enabled by electronic travel authorization launched on 27th Nov'14 in India? Ans:(2)
    1. 41 2. 43 3. 44 4. 45 5. 46

    Explanation: It will make travel seamless and hassle-free for foreign tourist in India.